Herbs

 Organic Herbs 

Our organic herbs and spices are hand-selected from the finest harvests each year. Our herbs are trusted for their unmatched quality and freshness. All of our herbs and spices are cut and sifted and packaged in bulk bags unless otherwise noted.

Aloe Vera Leaf

Aloe vera

COMMON NAME

Standardized: aloe vera
Other: aloe, Barbados aloe, Curacao aloe, ghrita kumari, kanyasara

BOTANICAL NAME

Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f.
Plant Family: Liliaceae

SYNONYMS

Aloe barbadensis

OVERVIEW

Alexander the Great is said to have sent his army from Greece to an island off the coast of Somalia just to obtain its crop of aloe.

PARTS USED

The type of Aloe Vera sold by Mountain Rose Herbs is made from the entire dehydrated leaf.

Acacia (Gum Arabic) Powder

Acacia Senegal

COMMON NAME

Standardized: gum arabic tree Other: acacia, thorny acacia

BOTANICAL NAME

Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.
Plant Family: Fabaceae

OVERVIEW

The acacia trees of the Darfur region of Sudan are harvested for resins variously known as gum arabic, Indian gum arabic, or talha. Although acacia trees are found throughout the ‘gum belt’ of sub-Saharan Africa, Chad, Eritrea, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan, the plant is most abundant in Sudan.

The acacia is a plant in the family Mimosacaea, related to the mimosas of the southern United States and a close cousin of the legumes. It would not be inaccurate to think of the acacia as a tree-sized, woody, spiny bean.

 

 

Amla Dehydrated

Phyllanthus emblica

COMMON NAME

Standardized: amla
Other: emblic myrobalan, amalaki, Indian gooseberry

BOTANICAL NAME

Phyllanthus emblica L.
Plant Family: Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMS

Emblica officinalis

OVERVIEW

Fruit with seeds removed.

Amla, or Indian gooseberry, is the fruit of a small to medium-sized deciduous tree native to India. The berries are greenish yellow with a fibrous inner texture. Harvested in autumn by hand, they have a sour, bitter, and astringent taste. In Hinduism, the amla tree is considered sacred to the goddess Lakshmi. A much-beloved staple of traditional Ayurvedic medicine, amla is considered a cooling pitta herb.

PARTS USED

In traditional Indian medicine the dried or fresh fruit is used, although in some schools of Ayurvedic medicine parts of the entire tree are included in preparations, including the fruit, seed, leaves, root, bark and flowers.

TYPICAL PREPARATIONS

Usually taken as capsules or a powder.

Boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum

COMMON NAME

Standardized: boneset
Other: thoroughwort

BOTANICAL NAME

Eupatorium perfoliatum L.
Plant Family: Asteraceae

OVERVIEW

Native to Eastern and Central North America, boneset is a perennial daisy, growing 2 to 4 feet (60 to 120 cm) tall with a long, hairy stem topped with white flower heads of 10 to 20 blossoms from June to September.

PARTS USED

The entire plant has traditional uses, including leaf, stem and flower, but typically only the above-ground parts are collected. The herb is dried and chopped.

TYPICAL PREPARATIONS

Whole herb in capsules, teas, and tinctures. The tea is very bitter.

SUMMARY

English folklore notes that the leaves can be burned to get rid of wasps and flies.

Brahmi

Bacopa monnieri

COMMON NAME

Standardized: bacopa
Other: brahmi, herb-of-grace, Indian pennywort, water hyssop, mandukaparni

BOTANICAL NAME

Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
Plant Family: Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMS

Herpestis monniera

OVERVIEW

Brahmi is a creeping perennial, native to many parts of world and most frequently found in tropical regions of the Asian continent. It grows in marshy, wet environments and has since migrated to parts of North and Central America, particularly the Florida wetlands. The plant grows small white flowers and has thick leaves that resemble those of a succulent. Brahmi is frequently incorporated into aquariums due to its ability to grow and live in water.

PARTS USED

The whole herb can be used.

TYPICAL PREPARATIONS

As a tea, extract, as a culinary additive in certain Asian dishes.

Myrtle Leaf

Myrtus communis

COMMON NAME

Standardized: myrtle
Other: wax myrtle

BOTANICAL NAME

Myrtus communis L.
Plant Family: Myrtaceae

OVERVIEW

Myrtle is found throughout the Mediterranean, as well as in some tropical and sub-tropical regions. It is an evergreen shrub or small tree with star-like flowers that have an exceedingly large amount of stamens and blue-black berries. The flowers bloom in summer, and the berries ripen in fall and early winter. Myrtle was one of the symbols of the Three Graces, and a Victorian symbol of fidelity in marriage. Nymphs are often associated with the myrtle tree.

PARTS USED

The leaves are used predominantly, but the whole plant can be utilized for different applications involving myrtle’s pleasant scent.

Poke Root

Phytolacca Americana           

COMMON NAME

Standardized: poke
Other: pokeweed

BOTANICAL NAME

Phytolacca americana L.
Plant Family: Phytolaccaceae

SYNONYMS

Phytolacca decandra

OVERVIEW

Poke is a visually attractive 8 to 10 foot (250-300 cm) perennial with dark green leaves, purple stems, and bright red to bluish-black berries. This common understory tree is native to the temperate regions of the United States east of the Mississippi.

Poke was a common herbal remedy long before Europeans settled North America.

PARTS USED

Root

TYPICAL PREPARATIONS

Most often found in topical applications like creams, ointments, and oils.

Poppy Seed

Papaver somniferum

COMMON NAME

Standardized: opium poppy
Other: poppy

BOTANICAL NAME

Papaver somniferum L.
Plant Family: Papaveraceae

OVERVIEW

The familiar blue poppy seeds used to flavor noodles, breads, and bagels and to make poppy seed kolachi (a Czech pastry) are produced by the same plant used to make opium. Poppy seeds contain only trace amounts of opium, not enough to get a high, but enough to influence a drug test. Experienced testers can tell the difference between use of heroin and consumption of poppy seeds by the presence of thebaine, a chemical only found when the person tested has been eating the seeds.

PARTS USED

Dried seed, whole or crushed.

TYPICAL PREPARATIONS

Dried seed, sometimes crushed and canned.

Prickly Ash Bark

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis

COMMON NAME

Standardized: southern prickly ash
Other: Hercule’s club

BOTANICAL NAME

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis L.
Plant Family: Rutaceae

OVERVIEW

About 1350, a book entitled the Ri Yong Ben Cao (Home Guide to Useful Medicines) first advised Chinese physicians of the benefits of prickly ash, also known as Szechuan pepper.

PARTS USED

The bark or the fruit, dried and chopped. The powder is better for poultices than the chopped bark. The chopped bark is better for making teas and tinctures than the powdered bark.

TYPICAL PREPARATIONS

Teas or tinctures. Prickly ash powder may be used as a poultice. Although rare, may also be taken as capsule.

Red Clover Blossoms

Trifolium pretense

COMMON NAME

Standardized: red clover

BOTANICAL NAME

Trifolium pratense L.
Plant Family: Fabaceae

OVERVIEW

Red clover is a low growing perennial, native to northwest Africa, Asia, and Europe. It has since been naturalized and cultivated in many parts of the world, including North America. The flower heads are collected in full bloom, during the summer months.

Druids believed that it could ward off evil spells and witches, while Medieval Christians believed that the three lobbed leaves were associated with the trinity and the four lobbed leaves as a symbol of the cross.

PARTS USED

Flowers and sometimes the leaf and flower

TYPICAL PREPARATIONS

Tea, in capsules and extracts. May also be eaten raw and seldom in salads.

Reishi Mushroom

COMMON NAME

Standardized: reishi
Other: ganoderma, ling zhi

BOTANICAL NAME

Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis: Fr.) P. Karst.
Plant Family: Ganodermataceae

SYNONYMS

Polyporus lucidus

USES AND PREPARATIONS

The whole mushroom top, with as little shaft as possible. The larger the mushroom the better.
Tea decoction from the dried mushroom, which Chinese medicine usually call for 1-8 grams of dried mushroom per cup of tea (6-8 ounces)
Powdered mushroom sprinkled on food or in beverages, as a liquid herbal extract (non-standardized), and as an encapsulated (non-standardized) product from whole mushroom tops.

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